Symptoms of a condition that could make you blind

A progressive condition, diabetic retinopathy could result in sight-threatening outcomes or irreversible vision loss.

Photo: iStock

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

  1. When blood vessels damage or become blocked, it means that the retina is starved of oxygen and nutrients.
  2. This can force it to grow new blood vessels in the fluid-filled part which sways when the eyes move.
  3. This can interfere with a clear vision, and cause a scar that could pull the retina away from the eyewall resulting in a permanent loss of vision.

New Delhi: Many people with diabetes often claim that they do not control their diet – eat sugar as much as they want and do not control carbohydrates intake either and still manage to live just fine. Little do they realise how being ignorant to this extent can result in nerve and blood vessel damage that could affect the limbs and even the eyes.

Diabetic retinopathy is a consequence of uncontrolled blood sugar levels caused due to damage to the retina – tissues at the back of the eye. Although mild cases of diabetic retinopathy can be treated easily, advanced versions of it may result in blindness.

Diabetic retinopathy explained

When blood vessels damage or become blocked, it means that the retina is starved of oxygen and nutrients. This can force it to grow new blood vessels in the fluid-filled part which sways when the eyes move. This can interfere with a clear vision, and cause a scar that could pull the retina away from the eyewall resulting in a permanent loss of vision.

Initially, one may not notice any symptoms as the signs appear only when diabetic retinopathy advances to a severe stage. A progressive condition, this could result in sight-threatening outcomes or irreversible vision loss. In the initial stages, laser, injections, and surgery can treat vision loss caused by diabetic retinopathy.

What are the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy?

Even the slightest change in vision should be reported by diabetics. Some of the key symptoms of the condition include:

  1. Blurred vision
  2. Fluctuating vision
  3. Vision loss
  4. Spots or dark strings floating in the vision
  5. Dark or empty areas in the vision
  6. Difficulty in perceiving colours
  7. Seeing spots
  8. Distorted vision

Disclaimer: Tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are for general information purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or a dietician before starting any fitness program or making any changes to your diet.

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